2 edition of Restricting the use of phenoxy herbicides found in the catalog.
Restricting the use of phenoxy herbicides
United States. Dept. of Agriculture. Economic Research Service.
by U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; [for sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off. in [Washington]
Written in English
|Statement||[by] Economic Research Service and Agricultural Research Service.|
|Series||Agricultural economic report, no. 194|
|Contributions||United States. Agricultural Research Service.|
|LC Classifications||HD1751 .A91854 no. 194|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||vi, 32 p.|
|Number of Pages||32|
|LC Control Number||77609790|
Print book: National government publication: EnglishView all editions and formats: Rating: (not yet rated) 0 with reviews - Be the first. Subjects: Chemical warfare -- Bibliography. Herbicides -- War use -- Bibliography. Herbicides -- Toxicology -- Bibliography. View all subjects; More like this: Similar Items Shareable Link. Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. Learn ://
With the phenoxy herbicides, ring hydroxylation may be accompanied by a shift in chlorine atom on the ring; however, with the benzoic acids hydroxylation occurs without a chlorine atom shift. ysis: The degradation of herbicides in higher plants by hydrolysis is common :// However, the embryotoxic and teratogenic effects of the chlorinated phenoxy herbicides 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T), the main chemicals in Agent Orange, are well documented only in laboratory animals. The brain of the developing fetus is vulnerable to the toxic effects of the phenoxy
Exposure to pesticides is recognized as an important environmental risk factor associated with development of cancer. Epidemiological studies, although sometimes contradictory, have linked phenoxy acid herbicides with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) and Soft Tissue Sarcoma (STS); organochlorine insecticides with STS, NHL, and leukemia; organophosphorous compounds with NHL and leukemia; Author: J.S. Palmer. Publisher: Forgotten Books ISBN: Category: Page: 34 View: DOWNLOAD NOW» Excerpt from The Toxicity of Some Organic Herbicides to Cattle, Sheep, and Chickens The Animal Disease and Parasite Research Division, Agricultural Research Service, has conducted studies on the toxicity of various organic herbicides to livestock for many ://
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Other crops: Costs of restricting the use of phenoxy herbi-cides, United States, 26 Pasture: Costs of restricting the use of phenoxy herbicides, United States, 27 13„ Rangeland: Costs of restricting the use of phenoxy herbicides, United States, 28 Effects of restricting the use of phenoxy herbicides in farm Get this from a library.
Restricting the use of phenoxy herbicides; costs to farmers. [Austin S Fox; Robert P Jenkins; Paul Allen Andrilenas; J T Holstun; Dayton L Klingman; United States.
Agricultural Research Service.; United States. Department of Agriculture. Economic Research Service.] Restricting the use of phenoxy herbicides: costs to farmers / By United States. Department of Agriculture. Economic Research Service. and United States. Agricultural Research Service.
Abstract. Cover of access: Internet Topics: Herbicides Effects of restricting the use of phenoxy herbicides in farm production.
United States,29 Variable costs per planted acre and related data for growing additional acres of wheat, other small grains, and rice in areas where phenoxy herbicides were used. United States, 30 Report/Article Title Restricting the Use of 2,4,5-T: Costs to Donestic Users Journal/Book Title Year Month/Day March Color D Number of Images 28 Descrlpton Notes Monday, Decem Page of Q> restricted and no other phenoxy herbicides could have been used, it Ramesh C.
Gupta, James W. Crissman, in Haschek and Rousseaux's Handbook of Toxicologic Pathology (Third Edition), Source. This potent group of synthetic phenoxy herbicides includes 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), which was released for commercial use in and is now one of the most commonly used herbicides in the world.
During the Vietnam War era, it was mixed with a similar Broholm, M. Migration of phenoxy acids, DNOC, and other herbicides in fractured clayey Abstract of the Eighth Symposium on the Chemistry and Fate of Modern Pesticides, Copenhagen, Denmark, AugustThe Royal Veterinary and Agricultural :// Use of Chemicals and Chemically Treated Materials in Certain Counties Rule (former Statewide Rule) Includes restrictions on the application of specific pesticides to certain crops and in designated counties, limitation on sale / distribution of use restricted phenoxy-hormone herbicides, ground / aerial equipment configuration requirements, weather / temperature conditions, evening cutoffs, and phenoxy herbicides.
However, several confirmed cases of STS have been reported among workers involved in the manufacturing or use of phenoxy herbicides (Cook, ; Honchar and Halperin, ; Moses and Selikoff, ).
These industrial workers, in contrast to the herbicide applicators, are believed to be exposed to phenoxy herbicides. We recommend that any material that contains phenoxy‐ type material have the name "phenoxy" the same size as the name of the product on the label.
We support research and education in development and use of alternative chemicals and application methods. A permitting process for the use of 2, 4‐ Herbicide performance can vary greatly depending on a number of factors.
These can include compatibility of herbicides, water quality, sprayer decontamination and controlling stressed weeds. This page outlines these issues and demonstrates how to assess herbicide performance to achieve the best from your :// Fate of phenoxy acid herbicides in a landfill leachate plume.
In Non-agricultural use of pesticides - Environmental issues and alternatives (pp. The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural :// Herbicides, chemicals designed specifically to kill weeds, account for nearly 60% of all pesticide sales in the U.S.
U.S. farmers spent an estimated $ billion in for herbicides, with about $ billion more spent in application costs. Herbicide use declined in to only a little more than $ billion (Donaldson et. al., ).
6 Economic effects of restricting 2, 4, 5-T, if other phenoxy herbicides and all other registered herbicides could have been used. United States, 10 7 Economic effects of restricting 2, 4, 5-T, if no other phenoxy herbicides could have been used but all other registered herbicides could have been used.
United States, 11 In the s, this fear was articulately expressed by Rachel Carson in her best-selling book, Silent Spring, 2 widely credited with giving impetus to the quest for the safer use of pesticides in Studies looking at pesticide use and cancer have shown a positive relationship between exposure to pesticides and the development of some cancers, particularly in children.
Because most studies assessed use of multiple pesticides, the authors recommend that exposure to all pesticides be :// Series VI. Subseries 2. Environmental Fate of Phenoxy Herbicides/Dioxin, Folders Subseries 2 consists of journal articles, book chapters, and conference papers on herbicides and the interaction of these chemicals with water, soil, air, and plant and animal :// Wine vineyards have historically been exposed to phenoxy-type herbicides, especially in regions with mixed cereal and minor crop production.
Periodically, the effects of exposure have been severe enough to cause economic losses. The overall objective will be to provide scientific information that can assist EPA Region 10 working with Washington and Oregon in developing harmonized best Review of literature on herbicides, including phenoxy herbicides and associated dioxins [Unknown.] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying :// Usually 2,4-D is preferred over other herbicides because of cost and effectiveness.
^ Other herbicides are used when vegetation shows a resistance to 2,4-D. BACKGROUND Dioxin is a colorless, crystal-like compound that is a by-product from the manufacture of phenoxy herbicides.
Phenoxy herbicides are synthetic 1"2,4.,-D Fact Sheet. Restricting the Use of Phenoxy Herbicides - Costs to Farmers, (). Texas Agricultural Extension Service, "Enterprise Costs and Returns per Acre for Northern Texas High Plains," unpublished Area Farm Management Specialist Budgets, ().
The Pesticide Problem: An Economic Approach to Public Policy, Resources for the Future, Inc., The first section delineates the rationale of the symposium and presents topics applicable to all facets of large animal metabolism. The second section focuses on comparative metabolism of selected groups of pesticides, including phenoxy herbicides, insect growth regulators, fungicides, and The use of herbicides such as glyphosate has been on the rise as farmers have been increasingly relying on chemicals to tackle labour shortage,